William Wordsworth wrote Daffodils on a stormy day in spring, while walking along He imagined that the daffodils were dancing and invoking him to join and enjoy the breezy nature of the fields. Dorothy Wordsworth, the younger sister of William Wordsworth, found the poem so interesting that she took ‘Daffodils’ as the subject for her journal.
The poem contains six lines in four stanzas, as an appreciation of daffodils.
Daffodils ( 1804 )
I WANDER’D lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o’er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the Milky Way,
They stretch’d in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay:
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.
The waves beside them danced; but they
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
A poet could not but be gay In such a jocund company:
I gazed — and gazed — but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought:
For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward ey
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.
William Wordsworth (1770-1850).
The ‘Daffodils’ has a rhyming scheme throughout the poem. The above stanza makes use of ‘Enjambment’ which converts the poem into a continuous flow of expressions without a pause.
I wander’d lonely as a cloud – The first line makes nice use of personification and simile. The poet assumes himself to be a cloud (simile) floating in the sky. When Wordsworth says in the second line ‘I’ (poet as a cloud) look down at the valleys and mountains and appreciate the daffodils; it’s the personification, where an inanimate object (cloud) possesses the quality of a human enabling it to see the daffodils. The line “Ten thousand saw I at a glance” is an exaggeration and a hyperbole, describing the scene of ten thousand daffodils, all together.
Alliteration is the repetition of similar sounds, is applied for the word ‘h’, in the words – high and hills.
The title, ‘Daffodils’ is a simple word that reminds us about the arrival of the spring season, when the field is full of daffodils. Daffodils are yellow flowers, having an amazing shape and beautiful fragrance.
A bunch of daffodils symbolize the joys and happiness of life.
The theme of the poem ‘Daffodils’ is a collection of human emotions inspired by nature that we may have neglected due to our busy lives.
The daffodils imply rebirth, a new beginning for human beings, blessed with the grace of nature.
The arrival of daffodils in the month of March is welcome and an enjoyable time to appreciate them!
The poem paints images of lakes, fields, trees, stars in Ullswater.
Wordsworth continuously praises the daffodils,
comparing them to the Milky Way galaxy (in the second stanza),
their dance (in the third stanza) and in the concluding stanza,
dreams to join the daffodils in their dance.
The poem uses discriptive language throughout the stanzas. The poet cannot resist himself from participating in the dance of the daffodils. The wording is simple and melodious.
Isn’t Daffodils, a great gift idea of William Wordsworth that celebrates happiness of nature among and us ( meaning all humans ) ?